19 – 22 September 2017
Kuala Lumpur


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Feeling the strain – gauging the impact of tighter feed on refined lead production

Neil Hawkes
CRU
Lead Market Analyst

The slow but steady improvement in lead prices since last summer took a dramatic turn in late 2016, with values leaping upwards to hit 5-year highs, before inevitably retreating in the first half of 2017. This lead price spike should not, however, distract from the underlying improvement underway from not only broader metal price drivers; but also improvements in lead’s own industry fundamental... more info


Excellence in plate-making for lead‒acid batteries

John O Wirtz
WIRTZ Manufacturing Company Inc.
President & Chief Executive Officer

Wirtz Manufacturing Company has focused their efforts over the past few years in developing processes and equipment that makes the highest quality, closest tolerance, longest life plates, as well as the lowest cost plates. In this presentation, Wirtz will discuss its latest plate-making developments that include high-speed motorcycle plate production, and pure-lead plate production. Both of thes... more info


Advanced positive additives for lead–acid batteries

Marvin Ho
Hammond Group, Inc.
Vice President, Research & Development

Idle load electricity consumption wastes over 150 TWh of electricity each year at a cost of over US$19 billion dollars. These inefficiencies cause over 100 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions annually. In 2014, the California Energy Commission (CEC) took an active role in reducing idle load consumption by implementing efficiency regulations that targeted battery charger systems for both c... more info


Value-added absorptive glass-mat separator for valve-regulated lead–acid batteries

Keita Mori
Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd.
Associate Chief Engineer

In Asian countries such as China, there is an urgent demand for a ‘high-end’ valve-regulated lead–acid (VRLA) batteries. For instance, improved batteries are required for idle stop–start (ISS) automotive, stand-by service and industrial (deep-cycle) applications. In developing superior battery designs, it is important to use an absorptive glass-mat (AGM) separator that has good operation... more info


Effects of electrochemically active carbons added to the negative plates of lead–acid batteries

Kuo-Jung Huang
Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI)
Engineer

A study has been conducted of the effect on the electrical performance of lead–acid batteries when adding different electrochemically active carbons to the negative plates. The possibility of a synergistic effect by using activated carbon as well as carbon black has been explored. The presentation shows how mapping images obtained with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive s... more info


Theoretical and experimental studies of lead sulfate films formed in porous electrodes

Patricio Impinnisi
Institute of Technology for Development - LACTEC
Senior Researcher

Juliano Andrade
Institute of Technology for Development - LACTEC
Researcher

Priscilla Mengarda
Federal University of Parana
PhD Student

The lead sulfate film formed on lead is a great technological interest because of its occurrence in lead–acid batteries. From studies on flat-electrodes, some researchers claim that the sulfate film has two different structures ― a continuous and a disrupted one. In lead–acid battery plates, however, it is necessary take into account the reaction zone mechanisms and their influence on the ... more info


Latest information of IEC standards for lead–acid starter batteries

Akira Osada
Battery Association of Japan
General Manager

Battery manufacturers in Japan, China and European have played a key role in developing new test methods for automotive starter batteries. The presentation addresses the progress of the IEC60095 series of standards that are being formulated by the International Electrotechnical Commission for lead–acid starter batteries. IEC60095-1 relates to ‘Lead–acid starter batteries. Part 1: General... more info


Enhancing advanced lead–acid batteries for start–stop and energy storage applications

Boris Monahov
Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium
Program Manager

Start–stop vehicles have proved to be the most cost-effective way of reducing emissions in terms of grams of CO2 reduction per dollar. Virtually all of these vehicles are powered by advanced lead–acid batteries operating at medium-to-high rate partial state-of-charge cycling (M–HRPSoC). Today, these batteries have overcome the early issues they faced in this application. Battery manufactu... more info


Heraeus Porocarb® Lead ― a synthetic carbon additive to improve lead–acid battery life and performance

Dominik Samuelis
Heraeus Battery Technology
Head of Innovation

Heraeus Porocarb® Lead represents a new generation of electrode additives for lead–acid batteries. With its well-defined internal porosity, Porocarb® Lead is the first carbon additive that not only ensures electronic connectivity and nucleation within the electrode, but also enhances the ionic conductivity and confinement of discharge products. By virtual of its unique properties, the new ma... more info


Lead oxide — plate quality improvement and equipment innovation

Yuanqiang Wang
Manufacture of Better (Xiamen) Power Technology Co., Ltd.
General Manager

The objective of this work is to develop a high-efficiency, low noise and energy-saving mill that will produce refined lead oxide for improving the electrical properties of batteries. The equipment has robot feeding and the lead ingots are cut into small parts with no attendant damage, burning and lead emissions. A cyclone collector is employed and has a high filtration precision and efficiency,... more info


Residential battery storage in Australia ― ups and downs in a burgeoning market

Rebecca Lewis
Evergen Pty Ltd
Integrated Energy Advisor

Glenn Platt
CSIRO Energy
Director - Grids and Energy Efficiency Program

In the last two years, the residential battery storage market in Australia has exploded with many vendors launching products, massive media coverage, and great consumer interest. Now that significant numbers of systems are being installed, it is possible to go beyond the hype and look at the key drivers for prospective consumers, and the barriers that will need to be addressed for a similar uptak... more info


Accelerated laboratory tests for accurate estimation of the life-cycle performance and lifetime-costs of battery operation in energy-storage systems

Russell Newnham
Electric Applications Incorporated
CTO

The battery component in energy-storage systems typically accounts for one-third of the up-front cost. In addition, the batteries will require periodic replacement and thereby introduce a recurring cost that can have a major impact on the economic feasibility of the installation. Consequently, it is essential to obtain an accurate estimation of lifetime energy throughput. In many cases, cycle-l... more info


A novel negative electrode that solves the most challenging technical issue facing automotive lead–acid batteries ― high dynamic charge-acceptance DCA and low water consumption

Stuart McKenzie
ArcActive
Chief Executive Officer

Automakers are demanding higher levels of dynamic charge-acceptance (DCA) to improve the fuel economy of their cars. This objective must, however, be achieved without accelerating any deleterious effects, such as water consumption. This particular feature has posed a real challenge to the industry as the addition of fine carbon particles to improve DCA often comes at the expense of heightened wa... more info


Design possibilities when using LifeMat (TM) pasting mat in the production of lead–acid batteries

Mark Boghe
Owens Corning
Industrial Segment Leader

For decades, glass non-woven veils have been used to prevent the shedding of positive active mass during the cycling of lead–acid batteries. Throughout the world, the veils are included in the production of start–stop batteries. Additional testing and experience from customers has shown that there are more benefits to be realized when employing the LifeMat™ glass non-woven pasting veils de... more info


Development of novel carbon black for advanced lead–acid batteries

Wei Wei
Orion Engineered Carbons GmbH
Head of Energy Systems - Innovation

For more than 30 years, Orion carbon black (formally Degussa carbon black) has been a component material of the expander mixtures that are traditionally added to the negative plates of lead–acid batteries. The main functions of carbon black in standard SLI batteries are to provide colouring and a certain degree of conductivity. During past 10 years, the significantly growing demand for automot... more info


Combined influence of organic expander and high surface-area carbon black on capacity, dynamic charge-acceptance, cold-cranking and partial state-of-charge life of lead–acid batteries

Tim McNally
Borregaard LignoTech
Senior Research Associate

Jeffrey Poirier

Samuel Shafarik

The choice and dosage of both the carbon black and organic expander plays a major role in the charge behaviour of the negative active-material (NAM). Numerous investigations have demonstrated the life of lead–acid batteries in partial state-of-charge (PSOC) operation can be increased dramatically by the use of carbon additives in the NAM and that these additives can also increase charge-accepta... more info


Saving of active material without losing battery performance

Ian Klein
PENOX GmbH
Technical Head of Battery Additives

Over the past ten years, PENOX GmbH has successfully worked together with the battery industry to improve production processes and the performance of automotive batteries. At the same time, attention has been focused on the reduction and optimization of the formation process for industrial batteries. In recent years, there have been significant changes in the specifications to meet the new requi... more info


The Residential Photovoltaic Energy Storage System (PV ESS) project

Peter Ng
Narada Asia Pacific Pte Ltd
Director

The Residential Photovoltaic Energy Storage System (PV ESS) project is a collaborative effort between the Institute for Infocomm Research, the Housing and Development Board, Narada and Singapore Power to promote and showcase ‘smart energy’ in Singapore, expanded R&D initiative to develop safe, reliable controllers for energy storage systems. The presentation describes how the project has high... more info


New automatic methods of paste control for modern lead–acid battery manufacturing

Stephen Mate
Co-efficient
Chief Executive Officer

In the past two years, the lead–acid industry has seen an increase in the demand for absorptive glass-mat (AGM) and enhanced flooded (EFB) batteries. Consequently, new plants have been built to focus primarily on these designs. This development has drawn more attention to the importance and consequent difficulties in the plate-making processes given the requirement to deliver products of highe... more info


The Best Two Energy Storage Investments

Ray Kubis
Gridtential Energy
Chairman

Major battery installations to accompany the electricity grid or the intermittent renewable generation of electricity (from solar or wind power) on or off grids are starting to appear, such as those in California, Australia and Germany. Meanwhile, the new generation of efficient hybrid electric vehicles, with features that were only wishful thinking about five years ago, are arriving ― especi... more info


The ‘lead–carbon’ battery ― a promising solution for large-scale energy storage

Jiayuan Xiang
Narada Power Source Co.
Director of Basic Research Department

A ‘lead–carbon’ battery, which incorporates a selected carbon allotrope in the negative plate, exhibits attractive cycle-life and performance under partial state-of-charge (PSoC) duty. The Narada REX-C lead–carbon battery, in particular, shows a significantly increased cycle-life which, under medium-rate deep-cycle duty, is nearly 3 to 6 times longer than that of a conventional carbon-fre... more info


Continuing innovation of battery separators for partial state-of-charge applications

John Timmons
Microporous, LLC
Vice President, Technology

Partial state-of-charge (PSoC) operation has become a reality in many of the growing sectors of the lead–acid battery market. Applications such as micro-hybrid vehicles, renewable energy capture, inverter operation, and small electric vehicles (e.g., e-rickshaw and e-tricycle) will operate in a PSoC regime for spend a significant portion of their service. It is well understood that the separato... more info


Technology update on continuous mixing of lead–acid battery paste

Victor Saleh
TBS Canada
Manager, Product Business Development

Jeff Rossi
TBS Canada
Senior Development Engineer

The continuous paste-mixing system (CPM) for lead–acid battery production was a novel, industry-first innovation. The CPM is capable of far higher outputs than existing batch systems, and offers improved paste quality, homogeneity, consistency and battery performance with lower manual labour requirements, less maintenance time, and reduced operating and material costs. After successfully deplo... more info


Continuous casting of lead–antimony alloy strip for punched grids in industrial batteries

Jeff Rossi
TBS Canada
Senior Development Engineer

Victor Saleh
TBS Canada
Manager, Product Business Development

The presentation details a novel high-speed production process that enables the continuous casting of lead–antimony alloy of desired strip thickness for the production of thick punched grids of various sizes and widths. The grids are destined for use in industrial lead–acid batteries. The new technology overcomes the inherent limitations when punching thick strip and provides grids that are... more info


A broad spectrum of separator opportunities

Richard Pekala
ENTEK International LLC
Chief Technology Officer

Separators for lead–acid batteries have traditionally been manufactured via the extrusion and extraction of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (PE)–silica–oil mixtures to form microporous ribbed sheets, or via a paper-making process to form absorptive glass fibre mats (AGMs). In general, PE–SiO2 separators have 55–60% porosity, whereas AGM separators have 90–92% porosity. The in... more info


Battery data analytics for Main Storage Batteries of submarines

Larry Scuteri
PMB Defence
Senior Engineer

PMB is the supplier of the Main Storage Battery (MSB) to the Collins Class Submarines and has started to explore the data collected during the battery life-cycle to improve the customer experience and enhance future cell development. Due to PMBs involvement throughout the process from manufacture to final disposal, information is available from the following stages: raw material selection, batte... more info


MOLECULAR REBAR®: discrete carbon nanotube additives for stationary and deep-cycle applications of lead–acid batteries

Jeremy Meyers
Black Diamond Structures
Director of Research and Development for Lead-Acid Batteries

MOLECULAR REBAR® is a performance-enhancing battery additive comprised of discrete carbon nanotubes (dCNT), which are uniformly distributed within negative and/or positive battery pastes via an aqueous dispersion. The addition of MOLECULAR REBAR® simultaneously improves electrical performance and bolsters active-material strength. By providing more efficient charging and structural durability,... more info


Online battery monitoring for any battery chemistry and application

KD Merz
Abertax Technologies
VP Technology

An ‘Online’ Battery Management System has been developed to provide necessary battery data via the internet in real time. The hardware and software design presents the data to ensure a quality service when leasing and renting batteries for motive power applications. Through several years of field experience with this system and the integration of new features and an improved reporting system... more info


Status of lead–acid batteries as energy storage for smart grids

Norbert Maleschitz
Exide Europe
VP R&D EMEA

The generation of electric energy and the related transmission and distribution system are undergoing significant changes. Smart Grids have higher shares of intermittent/fluctuating renewable energy sources and dispatchable power or switchable load to maintain grid quality. Battery energy storage systems (BESS) is one building block in the future energy system to tackle the related needs for bot... more info


Hi-SepTM flooded and gel battery separator, demonstrates performance improvements for deep cycle applications

Mahadevaswamy Kodimole Mahadevappa
Hollingsworth and Vose
Scientist

Natesh Gubbi Krishnappa
Hollingsworth & Vose
Director, Technology, India

End-users and battery producers are developing and implementing more rigorous performance standards to improve battery life. Industrial batteries often experience deep cycling, partial state-of charge (PSOC) duty, and overcharge situations. The separator must participate actively in such operational environments. Flooded and gel batteries that encounter cycling conditions in motive and reserve ... more info


Tailor-made polyethylene separators for lead–acid to meet new market needs

Jörg Deiters
DARAMIC LLC.
Global Technical Service

Since around 2007, the requirements on SLI OEM batteries for the automobile market have changed significantly in Europe and Japan due to the launch of new micro-hybrid vehicles. At that time, the 12-V stop–start system was introduced to eliminate idling losses when vehicles are at a stand-still. The conventional flooded SLI battery with the aim of being fully charged after a cranking event is ... more info


Effects of treatment with low energy modulated magnetic fields (LEITs) on chemical and electrochemical processes in the lead–acid battery

Boris Shirov
TASC Ltd.
Project Manager - Research & Development

Each stage of lead–acid battery production greatly impacts the characteristics of the delivered product, as dictated by the intended application. The processes of curing and formation of positive and negative plates are slow due to the conversion of solid-state phases. During battery operation, specific electrochemical processes — in which, electric charges are generated and consumed — act... more info


Strategy for improving the positive grid in lead–acid batteries

Rosalie Louey
PMB Defence
Senior Research Metallurgist

Industrial batteries often fail due to corrosion of the positive plate. As the battery ages, the grid/spine corrodes and thereby gives rise to a reduction in battery capacity. In some cases, a low-antimony alloy is required to minimize the production of stibine. The alloy is suited for deep discharge, but there are many newer alloys that have better corrosion resistance, but are yet to see long... more info


A review of the lead–acid battery industry in China

Dong Li
Leoch Battery Pte. Ltd.
Chairman, Board of Directors

The Chinese lead–acid battery market is playing an increasingly important role in the global economy. Given the rapid development of China's economy, the local demand for lead–acid batteries is also rapidly increasing. The presentation outlines the opportunities and challenges for Chinese manufacturers through an analysis of (i) the top five companies based on the revenue, and (ii) the top f... more info


New grid punching innovations from Oak for lead-acid battery manufacturing

Kent Lancaster
Oak Press Solutions
Vice President of Sales

OAK is recognized as one of the leaders in lead–acid battery grid-punching technology; its business motto is A Reputation of Excellence. A Commitment to Innovation. The presentation focuses on the latest innovations developed by OAK. The Smart Die Technology takes the guess work out of tooling maintenance. The system automatically notifies the operator when tooling maintenance is required and... more info


Best practice for future lead–acid products. Part 3: ‘soft’ lead and leady oxides

Douglas Lambert
WIRTZ Manufacturing Company
Vice President – Battery Technology

Global demand for lead–acid batteries is growing, with an increasingly varied range of technologically diverse energy-storage applications. In general, there is an ever increasing demand for better battery performance. Consequently, the focus is now on the production of lighter, lower cost (less lead), more durable (longer service-life) batteries that are manufactured from raw materials of opt... more info


Alternative current-collector technologies for advanced lead‒acid batteries

Angel Kirchev
CEA-LITEN
R&D Engineer

The function, design and characteristic parameters of lead‒acid battery grids are reviewed as a starting point towards the development of alternative current-collector designs. The latter are divided into several categories, namely: grids with plastic cores, grids with copper or aluminium cores, titanium grids, current-collectors based on conductive and non-conductive fibres, carbon foam grids,... more info


New positive grid technology for application of the 2nd Generation UltraBatteryTM in advanced 14-V hybrid vehicles

Masashi Matsushita
The Furukawa Battery
Researcher

Jun Furukawa
The Furukawa Battery Co., Ltd.
Senior Fellow

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions and fossil fuel consumption in the transport sector is a major problem for governments world-wide. In Europe, for example, various governments demand automakers to decrease CO2 emissions from the current value of about 140 g for every 1 km driven to 95 g by 2020, and this mandate is expected to decrease further to 75 g km-1 by 2025. Likewise, the Japanese govern... more info


A new generation of paste additive for enhanced flooded batteries

Shounan Hua
Shandong Jinkeli Power Sources Technology Co., Ltd.
Chief Consultant

In order to reduce vehicle exhaust emissions and save fuel, most of well-known car manufacturers are gradually introducing the micro-hybrid (start–stop) vehicles. These vehicles achieve better fuel economy with lower exhaust emissions and a lower cost. There are currently two types of start–stop batteries, namely, the enhanced flooded design (EFB) and the absorptive glass-mat (AGM) design. ... more info


Pb–0.04 wt.% Ca–1.2 wt. %Sn–x wt.% Sr alloy for the positive grid of lead–acid battery

Ali Asghar Alagheband Hosseini
Nirugostaran Khorasan Battery Manufacturing Co.
R&D Director

The electrochemical behaviour of the positive grid alloy is a critical performance issue for lead–acid batteries. To develop a favourable grid alloy, considerable efforts have been made through adding various alloying elements. In general, although calcium in the range of 0.04 to 0.05 wt.% is used to suppress the premature capacity loss (PCL) effect, this lower content of calcium causes a decr... more info


Environmental and financial benefits of operating a lead-recovery furnace in-house

Brendt Halliday
Pyrotek Australia
Business Manager

Pyrotek, which is a global engineering leader and innovator of technical solutions and integrated systems design, works with nonferrous metals companies world-wide to help improve performance of high-temperature processes. Pyrotek products and solutions are in employed in automotive, aerospace, rail transportation and high-tech manufacturing. For lead‒acid battery plants, Pyrotek produces a le... more info


IEC 61427-2. A standard for evaluating batteries for grid-connected energy storage duties

Herbert Giess
Private Consultant
Consultant

The increasing amounts of renewable energy that are being fed from wind and solar farms into the power grid makes it necessary to manage properly this influx so to maximize the energy harvesting and minimize disturbances to the frequency of the AC power transmission grid. Batteries are the prime candidates to store such energy efficiently and subsequently deliver it to the grid with an extremely ... more info


A study of carbon processing for advanced lead–acid battery applications

Sarah Fredrick
EnerG2 Technologies
R&D Manager

In the race to improve lead–acid battery performance for demanding applications that require high dynamic charge-acceptance (DCA), advanced carbon additives have emerged as the key to achieving good performance. Significant work has been undertaken to demonstrate that carbon additives enhance DCA in these areas, yet minimal effort has been directed towards determining how the properties and pro... more info


Expanders for standard and new battery applications ― start–stop and hybrid electric vehicles

Melchor Fernandez
APG (Atomized Products Group)
Chief Scientist

In recent years, lead–acid battery applications have experienced a marked evolution. This development has been promoted by the introduction of micro- (start–stop), mild- and full-hybrid vehicles in which recuperation of braking energy, together with electric boosting during periods of acceleration, is provided by the battery. To fulfil both tasks, batteries with enhanced electrical character... more info


A new concept for the manufacture of very small plates

Marcello Fantoni
Sovema S.p.A.
Sales Director

Current production of very small plates requires the handling of large numbers of plates with very small dimensions. This kind of manufacturing process is very problematic in two respects. On one hand, the dimensions involved call for manual, as opposed to automatic, operations. On the other hand, problems arise with the high pollution levels that stem from the cutting and separation of the pla... more info


Carbon nanotube additives for a motive-power lead–acid battery

Guiping Dai
North Carolina Central University
Professor

As a result of scientific and technological innovation over past decades, the number of products based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is growing rapidly throughout the world. Lead–acid is the most widely employed rechargeable battery system with a 65% share of the global battery market. Although the battery was invented over 150 years ago, research continues to enhance its performance in terms of ... more info


Advanced expanders for lead‒acid batteries

Gordon Beckley
Hammond Group Inc.
Vice President & Chief Technology Officer

With recycle rates approaching 100%, lead‒acid batteries are among the most sustainable of society’s consumer products. Moreover, if current technical deficiencies in dynamic charge-acceptance and cycle-life are remedied, the batteries could prove appropriate for micro-hybrid vehicles and for integrating renewable energy into the grid. This presentation explains how the Advanced Expander dev... more info


Carbon additive solutions for next-generation lead–acid batteries

Paolina Atanassova
Cabot Corporation
Global AD Manager

In 2016, over 20 million micro-hybrid (start–stop) vehicles were powered by advanced lead–acid batteries and this number is expected to grow to 35 million in 2020. Although carbon additives are successfully used in commercial start–stop lead–acid batteries for achieving high charge-acceptance and cycle-life, further improvements are required to compete with lithium-ion batteries. Greater... more info